There are two options for instructors to facilitate class sessions remotely:
Synchronous: instructors and students gather at the same time and interact in “real time” with a very short or “near-real time” exchange between instructors and students. Zoom can be used to facilitate this approach.
Asynchronous: instructors prepare course materials for students in advance of students’ access. Students may access the course materials at a time of their choosing and will interact with each other over a longer period of time. Panopto pre-recorded lectures are a good example of this approach.
Instructors may choose to engage their students synchronously or asynchronously depending on the course content or material that needs to be taught. There are many advantages and disadvantages to asynchronous and synchronous teaching options.
Immediate personal engagement between students and instructors, which may create greater feelings of community and lessen feelings of isolation
More responsive exchanges between students and instructors, which may prevent miscommunication or misunderstanding
More challenging to schedule shared times for all students and instructors
Some students may face technical challenges or difficulties if they do not have a fast/powerful wired or Wi-Fi network available or accessible