Research Tools - Winter 1996

Citing the Internet Site

Information obtained over the Internet and used in research papers requires citing just as does information obtained from more traditional resources such as books and journals. However, unlike books and journals, citations of Internet resources include features that would seem ridiculous in comparison. You would not think to include the date you read a book or journal article, or the path you followed to get them. But, because of the changing nature of the Internet, the date and the path are often included in bibliographic citations of Internet resources. The latest editions of writing manuals include the proper format to follow when citing Internet resources. Those used most frequently by students can be found at the Reference Desk. These include:
 
American Psychological Association. (1994). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (4th ed.). Washington, D.C.: Author [Refer to pages 218-222]
 
Gibaldi, J., & W. S. Achtert (1995). MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (4th ed.). New York: The Modern Language Association of America. [Refer to pages 163-167]
 
Li, X. L., & N. B. Crane (1993), Electronic Style: A Guide to Citing Electronic Information. Westport, CT: Meckler.
 
There are also guides on how to cite Internet resources available over the Internet itself. Following the style recommended at each site, here are just a few locations:
 
Brown, H. (1995). Citing Computer Documents, [Online]. Available URL: http//:neal.cstateu.edu/history/cite.html
 
Wainwright, Mark. Citation Style for Internet Sources. Internet WWW page, at URL: http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/users/mawl3/citation.html (version current at 7 Dec. 1995).
 
Walker, Janice R. MLA-Style Citations of Electronic Sources. http://www.cas.usf.edu/english/walker/mla.html (7 Dec.1995).

Joseph Fennewald
Pride, Passion, Promise: Experience Our Jesuit Tradition