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Joe A. Vinson, Ph.D.
Professor of Chemistry
The University of Scranton
Scranton, PA 18510


1959-63 B.S. in Chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley
1963-67 Ph.D. in Physical Organic and Analytical Chemistry at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa


1967-68 Assistant Professor, Shippensburg State College, Shippensburg, PA
1968-72 Assistant Professor, Washington and Jefferson College, Washington, PA
1972-74 Product and Development Chemist, J. T. Baker Chemical Company
1974-present Professor, The University of Scranton, Scranton, PA

Journal Articles

Journal Articles:

J.A. Vinson and M.M. Motisi “Polyphenol antioxidants in commercial chocolate bars: Is the label accurate?”, J.   Funct. Foods 12, 526-9 (2015).

G.A.  Agbor, J. A. Vinson,and  P.E. Donnelly " Folin-Ciocateu reagent for polyphenolic assay," Intl. J. Food Sci, Nutr. Dietet. ISSN 2326-3350 (2014).

B.W.Redan, J.A. Vinson, and M.G. Coco Jr. "Effect of thermal processing on free and total phenolics in nine varieties of common beans," Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. 64:243-7 (2013).

J. A. Vinson "Atheroprotective effect of dietary walnut intake in ApoE-deficient mice: involvement of lipids and coagulation factor," Thromb. Res. 131, 375-6 (2013).

C. Wang, Y. Zuo, J.A. Vinson, and Y. Deng, “Absorption and Excretion on Cranberry-derived Phenolics,” Food Chem. 132, 1420-1428 (2012).

J.A. Vinson and Y. Cai, “Nut, Especially Walnuts, have both Antioxidant Quantity and Efficacy and Exhibit Significant Potential Health Benefits,” Food Funct. 3, 134-140 (2012).

G.A. Agbor, L. Akinfiresoye, J. Sortino, R. Johnson, and J.A. Vinson, “Piper Species Protect Cardiac, Hepatic and Renal Antioxidant Status of Atherogenic Diet Fed Hamsters,” Food Chem. 134, 1354-1359 (2012).

J.A. Vinson, C.A. Demkosky, D.A. Navarre and M.A. Smyda, “High-antioxidant potatoes: acute in vivo antioxidant source and hypotensive agent in humans after supplementation to hypertensive subjects,” J Agric Food Chem. 60, 6749-54 (2012).

G.A. Agbor, J.A. Vinson, J.E. Oben, and J.Y. Ngogang, “Antioxidant Effect of Herbs and Spices on Copper Mediated Oxidation of Lower and Very Low Density Lipoprotein,” Chinese J. Nat. Med. 8, 0114-0120 (2010).

P.E. Donnelly, T.M. Churilla, M.G. Coco, and J.A. Vinson, “Vitamin Enhanced Waters and Polyphenol-Rich Beverages Analyzed for Antioxidant Activity and Antioxidant/Calorie,” Nutrients 2, 1290-1296 (2010).

G.A. Agbor, J.A. Vinson, J. Sortino, and R. Johnson, “Antioxidant and Anti-Atherogenic Activities of Three Piper species on Atherogenic Diet Fed Hamster,” Exp. Toxicol. Pathol. (2010), doi: 10.1016/j. etp. 2010,10.003.

J.A. Vinson, H. Al Kharrat and D. Shuta, “Investigation of an Amylase Inhibitor on Human Glucose Absorption After Starch Consumption,” The Open Nutraceuticals J. 2, 88-91 (2009).

J.A. Vinson, P. Bose, J. Proch, H. Al Kharrat and N. Samman, “Cranberries and Cranberry Products:        Powerful In Vitro, Ex Vivo, and In Vivo Sources of Antioxidants,” J. Agric. Food Chem. 56, 5884-5891 (2008).

J.S. Bonita, M. Mandarano, D. Shuta and J. Vinson. “Coffee and cardiovascular disease: In vitro, cellular, animal, and human studies,” Pharmacol Res. 55, 187-198 (2007).

S. Zafra-Stone, T. Yasmin, M. Bagchi, A. Chatterjee and J.A.Vinson, “Berry anthocyanins as novel antioxidants in human helath and disease prevention,” Mol. Nutr. Food Res. 57, 675-683 (2007).

J. Vinson, X. Cai and H. Al Kharrat, ”A natural, muli-mechanisitic supplement approach for improving cardiovascular risk factors,” J. Complement Integ. Med. 4, article 4 (2007).

J.A. Vinson, “So many choices, so what’s a consumer to do?: A commentary on “Effect of chromium niacinate and chromium picolinate supplementation on lipid peroxidation, TNF-α, IL-6, CrP, glycated hemoglobin, triglycerides, and cholesterol levels in blood of streptozotocin-treated rats,” Free Rad. Biol. Med. 43, 1121-1123 (2007).

K.J. Mukamal, K. MacDermott, J.A. Vinson, N. Oyama, W.J. Manning and M.A. Mittleman. “A 6-month randomized pilot study of black tea and cardiovascular risk factors,” Am. Heart J. 154, 724e-1-6 (2007).

J.A. Vinson, T.A. Tompkins and G.A. Agbor, ”Comparative Bioavailability of Mineral-enriched Gluconates and     Yeast in Rat Liver After Depletion-Repletion Feeding,” Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 118,104-110 (2007).

G.A. Agbor, J.A. Vinson, S. Patel, K. Patel, J. Scarpati, D. Shiner, F. Wardrop and T.A.Tompkins, “Effect of Selenium- and Glutathione-Enriched Yeast Supplementation on a Combined Atherosclerosis and Diabetes Hamster Model,”  J. Agric. Food Chem. 55, 8731-8736 (2007).

G.A. Agbor, J.A. Vinson, J.E. Oben, J.Y. Ngogang, “In vitro antioxidant activity of Three Piper species,” J. Herb. Pharmacother. 7, 49-64 (2007).

J.A. Vinson, “Review: Oxidative Stress in Cataracts,” Pathophysiol. 13, 151-162 (2006).

J.A.Vinson, “Caffeine and incident hypertension in women,” JAMA 295, 2135 (2006).

J.A. Vinson, J. Proch, P. Bose, S. Muchler, P. Taffera, D. Shuta, N. Samman and G. A. Agbor,“Chocolate Is a     Powerful ex Vivo and in Vivo Antioxidant, an Antiatherosclerotic Agent in an Animal Model, and a   Significant Contributor to Antioxidants in the European and American Diets,” J. Agric. Food Chem. 54, 8071-8076 (2006).

J.A. Vinson, “Coffee and cirrhosis: active ingredients?,” Ann. Intern. Med. 166, 2404 (2006).

G.A. Agbor, J.A. Vinson, J.E. Oben and J.Y. Ngogang, “Comparative analysis of the in vitro antioxidant activity of white and black pepper,” Nutr. Res. 26, 659-663 (2006).

J.A. Vinson, L. Zubik, P. Bose, N. Samman and J. Proch, “Dried fruits:  Excellent in vitro and in vivo antioxidants,” J. Am. Coll. Nutr. 24, 44-50 (2005).

J.A. Vinson and J. Zhang, “Black and green teas equally inhibit diabetic cataracts in a streptozotocin-induced rat model of diabetes,” J. Agric. Food Chem, 53, 3710-3713 (2005).

G.A. Agbor, J.E. Oben, J.Y. Ngogang, X. Cai and J.A. Vinson, “Antioxidant Capacity of some herbs/spices from Cameroon: A comparative study of two methods,” J. Agric. Food Chem. 53, 6819-6824 (2005).

J.A. Vinson and S. Anamandila, “Comparative topical absorption and antioxidant effectiveness of two forms of coenzyme Q10 after a single dose and after long-term supplementation in the skin of young and middle-aged subjects”.  IFSCC Magazine 8, 287-292 (2005).

J.A. Vinson, K. Teufel and N. Wu, “Green and black teas inhibit atherosclerosis by lipid, antioxidant, and fibrinolytic mechanisms,” J Agric Food Chem. 52, 3661-3665 (2004).

C.D. Prickett, E. Lister, M. Collins, C.C. Trevithick-Sutton, M. Hirst, J.A. Vinson, E. Noble and J.R. Trevithick, “Alcohol friend or foe? Alcoholic beverage hormesis for cataract and atherosclerosis is related to plasma antioxidant activity,” Nonlinearity in Biology, Toxicology, and Medicine 2, 353-370 (2004).

D. Bagchi, C.K. Sen, S.D. Ray, D.K. Das, M. Bagchi, H.G. Preuss and J.A. Vinson, “Molecular mechanisms of cardioprotection by a novel grape seed proanthocyanidin extract,”  Mutat. Res. 523-524, 87-97 (2003).

J.A. Vinson, M. Mandarano, M. Hirst, J.R. Trevithick and P. Bose, “Phenol antioxidant quantity and quality in foods: beers and the effect of two types of beer on an animal model of atherosclerosis,” J. Agric. Food Chem. 51, 5528-5533 (2003).

J.A. Vinson,  X. Liang, J. Proch, B. Hontz, J. Dancel and N. Sandone, “Polyphenol Antioxidants in Citrus Juices: In Vitro and In Vivo Studies Relevant to Heart Disease,” Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 505, 113-122 (2002).

J.A. Vinson, M.A. Mandarano, D.L. Shuta, M. Bagchi and D. Bagchi, “Beneficial effects of a novel IH636 grape seeed proanthocyanidin extract and a niacin-bound chromium in a hamster atherosclerosis model,” Molec. Cell Biochem. 240, 99-103 (2002).

X. Yan, B.T. Murphy, G.B. Hammond, J.A. Vinson and C.C. Neto, “Antioxidant activities and antitumor screening of extracts from cranberry fruit (Vaccinium macrocarpon),”  J. Agric. Food Chem. 50, 5844-5899 (2002).

J.A. Vinson, K. Teufel and N. Wu, “Red Wine, Dealcoholized Red Wine, and Especially Grape Juice, Inhibit Atherosclerosis in a Hamster Model,” Atherosclerosis 156, 67-72 (2001).

J.A. Vinson and J. Jang, “In Vitro and In Vivo Lipoprotein Antioxidant Effects of a Citrus Extract and Ascorbic Acid on Normal and Hypercholesterolemic Human Subjects,” J. Med. Food  4, 187-192 (2001).

J.A. Vinson, J. Proch and P. Bose, “MegaNatural® Gold Grapeseed Extract: In Vitro Antioxidant and In Vivo Human Supplement Studies,” J. Med. Food 4, 17-26 (2001).

J.A. Vinson, J. Proch and P. Bose, “Determination of Quantity and Quality of Polyphenol Antioxidants in Foods and Beverages,” Methods Enzymol. 335, 103-114 (2001).                

Y. Wang, J.A. Vinson, T.D. Etherton, J. Proch, S.A. Lazarus, P.M. Kris-Etherton, “Effects of Cocoa Powder and Dark Chocolate on LDL Oxidative Susceptibility and Prostaglandin Concentrations in Humans,” Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 74, 596-602 (2001).

J.A. Vinson, X. Su, L. Zubik and P. Bose, “Phenol Antioxidant Quantity and Quality in Foods: Fruits,” J. Agric. Food Chem. 49, 5315-5321 (2001).

J.A. Vinson, “Black and Green Tea and Heart Disease: A Review,” BioFactors 13, 127-132 (2000).

J.A. Vinson, J. Yang, J. Proch and X. Liang, “Grape Juice, but not Orange Juice, has In Vitro, Ex Vivo, and In Vivo Antioxidant Properties,” J. Med. Food 3, 167-171 (2000).

J.A. Vinson, “The Functional Food Properties of Figs,” Cereal Foods World 44, 82-87 (1999).

J.A. Vinson, J. Jang, J. Yang, Y. Dabbagh, X. Liang, M. Serry, J. Proch and S. Cai, “Vitamins and Especially Flavonoids in Common Beverages are Powerful In Vitro Antioxidants Which Enrich Lower Density Lipoproteins and Increase Their Oxidative Resistance after Ex Vivo Spiking in Human Plasma,” J. Agric. Food Chem. 47, 2502-2504 (1999).

L. Costantino, G. Rastelli, M.C. Gamberini, J.A. Vinson, P. Bose, A. Iannone, M. Staffieri, L. Antolini, A. Del Corso, U. Mura and A. Albasini, “1-Benzopyran-4-one Antioxidants as Aldose Reductase Inhibitors,” J. Med. Chem. 42, 1881-1893 (1999).

J.A. Vinson, J. Proch and L. Zubik, “Phenol Antioxidant Quantity and Quality in Foods: Cocoa, Dark Chocolate, and Milk Chocolate,” J. Agric. Food Chem. 47, 4821-4824 (1999).

J.A. Vinson, J.M. Stella and T.J. Flanagan, “Selenium Yeast is an Effective In Vitro and In Vivo Antioxidant and Hypolipemic Agent in Normal Hamsters,” Nutr. Res. 18, 735-742 (1998).

J.A. Vinson and Y.A. Dabbagh, “Tea Phenols: Antioxidant Effectiveness of Teas, Tea Components, Tea Fractions and Their Binding with Lipoproteins,” Nutr. Res. 18, 1067-1075 (1998).

J.A. Vinson and Y.A. Dabbagh, “Effect of Green and Black Tea Supplementation on Lipids, Lipid Oxidation and Fibrinogen in the Hamster: Mechanisms for the Epidemiological Benefits of Tea Drinking,” FEBS Lett. 433, 44-46 (1998).

J.A. Vinson, Y. Hao, X. Su and L. Zubik, “Phenol Antioxidant Quantity and Quality in Foods: Vegetables,” J. Agric. Food Chem. 46, 3630-3634 (1998).

J.A. Vinson and J. Proch, “Inhibition of Moisture Penetration to the Skin by a Novel Incontinence Barrier Cream,” JWOCN 25, 256-260 (1998).

J.A. Vinson and J. Proch, “Age-Related Difference in Topical Zinc Absorption from Different Formulations: Implication for Health and Disease,” J. Geriat. Dermatol. 5, 276-280 (1997). Ulcers with Two Topical Regimens:  A Study of Cost Minimization," Adv. Therapy 13, 10-19 (1996).

J.A. Vinson and T.B. Howard, “Inhibition of Protein Glycation and Advanced Glycation Endproducts by Ascorbic Acid and Other Vitamins and Nutrients,” Nutr. Biochem. 1, 659-663 (1996).

J.A. Vinson and B.A. Hontz, "Phenol Antioxidant Index:  Comparative Antioxidant Effectiveness of Red and White Wines," J. Agric. Food Chem. 43, 401-403 (1995).

J.A. Vinson, Y.A. Dabbagh, M.M. Serry, and J. Jang, “Plant Flavonoids, Especially Tea Flavanols, are Powerful Antioxidants Using an In Vitro Oxidation Model for Heart Disease,” J. Agric. Food Chem. 43, 2800-2802 (1995).

J.A. Vinson, C. Hsu, C. Possanza, A. Drack, D. Pane, R. Davis, C. Klock, K. Graser and X. Wang, “Lipid Peroxidation and Diabetic Complications: Effect of Antioxidant Vitamins C and E,” Adv. Exp. Biol. 366, 430-432 (1994).  

J.A. Vinson, J.M. Courey and N.B. Maro, "Comparison of Two Forms of Vitamin C on Galactose Cataracts," Nutr. Res. 12, 915-922 (1992).

J.A. Vinson and C. Hsu, "The Effect of Vitamins A, E and Citrus Extract on In Vitro and In Vivo Lipid Peroxidation," Med. Sci. Res. 20, 145-146 (1992).

J.A. Vinson, J.Y. Chang, and L. Nykaza, "Effect of Ascorbic Acid Supplementation on Plasma Ascorbate and Lipid Peroxidation in Non-Smokers and Smokers," Med. Sci. Res. 20, 483-484 (1992).

J.A. Vinson, M.E. Staretz, P. Bose, H.K. Kassam and B.S. Basalyga, "In Vitro and In Vivo Inhibition of Red Blood Cell Sorbitol by Ascorbic Acid," Diabetes 38, 1036-1041 (1989).

J.A. Vinson and P. Bose, "Relative Bioavailability of Synthetic Ascorbic Acid Alone or in a Citrus Extract," Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 48, 601-604 (1988).

J.A. Vinson and P. Bose, "Relative Bioavailability of Inorganic and Natural Selenium," Selenium in Biology and Medicine, AVI Publishers, 445-449 (1987).

J.A. Vinson, T. Mazur and P. Bose, "Comparison of Different Forms of Calcium on Blood Pressure and Normotensive Young Males," Nutr. Repts. Intl. 36, 497-501 (1987).

J.A. Vinson, C.J. Possanza and A.V. Drack, "The Effect of Ascorbate on Galactose-Induced Cataracts," Nutr. Repts. Intl. 33, 665 (1986).

Y. Takagi, S. Matsuda, S. Imai, Y. Ohmori, T. Masuda, J.A. Vinson, M.C. Mehra, B.K. Puri and A. Kaniewski, "Trace Elements in Hair," Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 36, 793-800 (1986).

J.A. Vinson and D.J. Lopatofsky, "A Semi-Automated Extraction and Spotting System for Drug Analysis by TLC. I. Procedure for Analysis of the Major Metabolite of Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in Urine," J. Analyt. Toxicol. 9, 6-9 (1985).

J.A. Vinson and K.H. Hsiao, "Comparison Effect of Various Forms of Chromium on Serum Glucose:       An In Vivo Assay for Biologically Active Chromium," Nutr. Repts. Intl. 32, 1 (1985).

J.A. Vinson and P. Bose, "The Effect of a High Chromium Yeast on the Blood Glucose Control and Blood Lipids of Normal and Diabetic Human Subjects," Nutr. Repts. Intl. 30, 911-918 (1984).

J.A. Vinson and P. Bose, "Comparative Bioavailability of Synthetic and Natural Vitamin C in Guinea Pigs," Nutr. Repts. Intl. 27, 875-886 (1983).

J.A. Vinson, M. Paczkowski and C. Pronko, "Preadsorbent TLC III. Direct Detection of Quinine in Urine as a Presumptive Test for Heroin," J. Chromatogr. 206,196 (1981).

.A. Vinson, J.A. Nebzydoski, L. Shebby and L. Whittingham, "Preadsorbent TLC II.  Detection of Lipid Abnormalities in Serum Without Extraction," Clin. Chem. Acta 103, 117 (1980).

J.A. Vinson, F. Solitario and M. Paczkowski, "Preadsorbent TLC I. Lecithin/Sphingomyelin Ratio in J.A. Vinson and J.E. Hooyman, "Sensitive Fluorogenic Visualization Reagent for the Detection of Lipids on Thin-Layer Chromatograms," J. Chromatogr. 135, 226 (1977).

J.A. Vinson and L.D. Pepper, "Colorimetric Determination of Dinitrophenylamino Acids with Cyanide Ion in Dipolar Aprotic Solvents," Anal. Biochem. 49, 163 (1977).

J.A. Vinson, D.D. Patel and A.H. Patel, "Determination of Tetrahydrocannabinol in Blood and Serum Using a Fluorescent Derivative and Thin-Layer Chromatography," Anal. Chem. 49, 163 (1977).

J.A. Vinson, J.E. Hooyman, H. Koharcheck and M.M. Holmes, "A Rapid Mini Thin-Layer Chromatographic Procedure for the Detection of Barbiturates and Common Sedatives at Overdose Levels," Am. J. Med. Technol. 43, 1054 (1977).

J.A. Vinson, H. Koharcheck and J.E. Hooyman, "A Sensitive Thin-Layer Chromatographic Method for Urine Screening of Barbiturates," J. Chromatogr. 140, 71 (1977)

J.A. Vinson, "A Universal TLC Visualization Reagent for Drugs,"J. Chromatogr. 105, 415 (1975).

J.A. Vinson and J.E. Hooyman, "A Simple Method for the Separation and Detection of Marijuana by TLC," J. Chromatogr. 106, 196 (1975).

J.A. Vinson and J.E. Hooyman, "Identification of Street Drugs by TLC," J. Forensic Sci. 20, 552 (1975).

J.A. Vinson and L.D. Pepper, "Preparation of Dinitrophenylamino Acids in Dipolar Aprotic Solvents," Anal.     Chem. Acta 58, 245 (1972).

J.A. Vinson, “Effects of Suntan Preparations on a Photochemical Reaction,” Chemistry 44, 27 (1971).

J.A. Vinson and E.K. Hocker, “Saponification of Aspirin in Dimethyl Sulfoxide,” J. Chem. Educ. 46, 245 (1969).

J.A. Vinson, “Determination of Organic Isocyanates and Isothiocyanates in Dimethylformamide,” Anal. Chem. 41, 1661 (1969).

J.A. Vinson, E.K. Hocker and T.W. Bream, “Saponification of Latex Paint in Dimethyl Sulfoxide,” J. Chem. Educ. 877, 46 (1969).

J.A. Vinson and J.S. Fritz, “Quantitative Determination of Organic Halides in Dimethyl Sulfoxide,” Anal. Chem. 41, 1661 (1968).

J.A. Vinson and J.S. Fritz, “Quantitative Saponification of Esters in Dimethyl Sulfoxide,” Talanta 13, 1673 (1966).

Books and Proceedings:

R.R. Watson, V.R. Preedy, S. Zibadi, “Cocoa and Chocolate:  Chemistry and Biochemistry and Beneficial Brain Effects in Chocolate” in Health and Nutrition, 389-406 (2012).

C.C. Neto and J.A. Vinson, “Cranberries” in Herbal Medicine:  Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects, 2nd Ed., I.F.F. Benzie, Ed., CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, FL, 2011.

F. Visioli, H. Bernaert, R. Corti, C. Ferr, S. Heptinstall, E. Molinari, A. Poli, M. Serafini, H.J. Smith, J.A. Vinson, F. Violi and P. Paoletti, “Chocolate, Lifestyle, and Health,” Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 49, 299-312 (2009).

J.A. Vinson, “Beer:  Is It Alcohol, Antioxidants or Both?  Animal Models of Atherosclerosis” in Beer in Health and Disease Prevention, ed. V.R. Preedy, Elsevier, 2008.

J.A. Vinson, “Tea and Heart Disease,” Functional Foods for Cardiovascular Diseases,” D.M. Martirosyan, Editor, D&A, Inc., Richardson, TX, 2005, 179-182.

J.A. Vinson, “Flavonoids in Foods as In Vitro and In Vivo Antioxidants,” in Flavonoids in the Living System, eds. Manthey and Buslig, Plenum Press, New York, 1998, p. 151-163.

J.A. Vinson, J.J. Urash, and D.J. Lopatofsky, "A Semi-Automated Extraction and Spotting System for the Analysis of Drugs in Physiological Fluids," In Analytical Methods in Forensic Chemistry, Editor

M. H. Ho, Ellis Wood, Ltd., Chichester, England, 1990.

J.A. Vinson, P. Bose, L. Lemoire and K. Hsiao, "Relative Bioavailability of Trace Elements and Vitamins Found in Commercial Supplements in Nutrient Availability:  Chemical and Biological Aspects,"

Ed. D. Southgate, I. Johnson and G. Fenwick, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, 1989.

J.A. Vinson, M. Curtis, M. Mascelli, P. Bose and J. Lewis, "Mechanisms and Effect of Excess Copper Supplementation on Body Lipids," Advances in Diet and Nutrition, C. Horowitz, Editor, John Libbey and Co., Ltd., England, 1985, 218-220.

J.A. Vinson and P. Bose, "Comparison of the Bioavailability of Trace Elements in Inorganic Salts, Amino Acid Chelates and Yeast," Proceedings of Mineral Elements '80, 615 (1981).