Research Tools - Spring 2001
Directory of Congressional Voting Scores and
Interest Group Ratings. 3rd ed. J. Michael Sharp.
Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2000. [Ref JK 1051
.S555 2000 v. 1 & 2]
New Reference Books
A useful compendium of information, this work
contains the voting scores and ratings for all
members of Congress since 1947, the first year
that a special interest group, the ADA, rated
them. The ratings include those of 10 special
interest groups: ADA (Americans for Democratic
Action), ACU (American Conservative Union),
ACLU (American Civil Liberties Union), ASC (American
Security Council), CCUS (Chamber of Commerce
of the United States), CFA (Consumer Federation
of America), COPE (Committee on Political Education
of the AFL-CIO), LCV (League of Conservation
Voters), NEA (National Education Association),
and NTU (National Taxpayers Union). The directory
also provides some limited biographical information
on members of Congress, including birth date,
religion, education, occupation, military services,
political background, and election record.
Encyclopedia of Criminology and Deviant Behavior.
Edited by Clifton D. Bryant. Philadelphia, PA:
Brunner-Routledge, 2001. 4 volumes. [Ref HV
6017 .E53 2001 v. 1-4]
A first of its kind, this encyclopedia will
be of greatest value to researchers in criminal
justice and sociology, but also of interest
to those in other disciplines. For example,
articles on alcohol and drug abuse are published
in the fourth volume, as would be expected,
but so are articles on the social implications
of handicaps and disabilities (including ADHD,
paraplegia, and speech impairments), which are
of interest to those in the education and health
care fields. Over 500 entries are arranged in
four volumes: Volume 1, "Historical, Conceptual,
and Theoretical Issues;" Volume 2, "Crime
and Juvenile Delinquency;" Volume 3, "Sexual
Deviance;" and Volume 4, "Self-Destructive
Behavior and Disvalued Identity." Volume
3 contains brief author biographies for all
contributors, and Volume 4 contains a subject
index and author index to the entire set. Each
volume contains a table of contents plus a subject
guide to the volume, and each article lists
references for further reading, including web
sites where appropriate.
Encyclopedia of the Irish in America. Edited
by Michael Glazier. Notre Dame, IN: U of Notre
Dame Press, 1999. [Ref E184.I6 E53 1999]
Who better than the U of Notre Dame Press
to publish an encyclopedia of the Irish in
America? This handsome volume, bound in green
with gold lettering and a harp stamped on
the cover, is edited by Michael Glazier, the
editor of Encyclopedia of American Catholic
History [Ref BX1406.2 .E53 1997]. In it, he
has compiled articles by almost 250 contributors
on persons, places, and things Irish in America.
Entries are arranged alphabetically and include
articles on the Irish in each of the 50 states,
an unusual feature. In addition to entries
on emigration and the famine, the work also
contains articles on the Scotch-Irish Protestant
immigrants. A bibliography and relevant "see"
references follow each article. There is also
a helpful "Descriptive List of Entries"
at the front of the volume.
From Suffrage to the Senate: An Encyclopedia
of American Women in Politics. Suzanne O'Dea
Schenken. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 1999. [Ref
HQ 1236.5 .U6 S32 1999 v. 1-2]
This two-volume work provides an overview
of the political history of women in the U.S.
over a 400-year period. Most of the brief,
alphabetically arranged articles focus on
individuals, legislation, and organizations,
although some issues and movements are covered
There are numerous black-and-white photos
throughout, and each article refers the reader
to additional entries and includes a list
of references (including web pages) for further
reading. Two appendices, one containing significant
documents of the women's movement and
one consisting of facts and statistics pertaining
to women in political office, appear at the
end of volume two, as does a chronology, a
bibliography, and an index.
Professional's Handbook of Complementary
& Alternative Medicines. Charles W. Fetrow
and Juan R. Avila. Springhouse, PA: Springhouse
Corp., 1999. [Ref RM666.H33 F48 1999].
Written by two professors of pharmacy, this
reference book offers detailed information
about more than 300 of the most commonly used
herbal medicines. Intended for use by health
professionals, it will be of interest to anyone
wanting scientific and clinical data on the
selected herbal agents. Arranged alphabetically
by agent, each entry has information on the
agent's common names, chemical components,
uses, adverse reactions and interactions,
contraindications and precautions, and additional
references. Several appendices provide information
on additional herbal agents for which there
is little or no scientific or clinical data,
lists of herbal agents listed as unsafe by
the FDA, and a graph showing potential drug-herbal
agent interactions. Index.
Religion and the Law: A Dictionary. Christopher
Thomas Anglim. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 1999.
[KF4865 .A68 A54 1999]
Attempting to "show the complexity of
the intersection between law and religion
in our Constitutional democracy," this
work examines the issues surrounding the separation
of church and state in America. Entries are
arranged alphabetically, and cover anything
that involves the jurisprudence of religion,
including: all major legal decisions touching
on religion, past and present; the treatment
of certain faiths and sects by the American
legal system; various legal theories and historical
developments of the law of church and state;
and the adoption of the Constitution and Bill
of Rights. Articles range from "Abortion,"
to "Catholics," from the "First
Amendment" to "Public schools,"
and from "Tax laws and religion"
to the "Unification Church." A
brief bibliography and a listing of "Cases
Cited" follow each signed article. At
the back of the volume, there is also a helpful
subject index and an index of court cases.
St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture.
Edited by Tom Pendergast and Sara Pendergast.
Detroit: St. James Press, 2000. 5 volumes.
[Ref E 169.1 .S764 2000 v. 1-5]
This highly readable collection of essays
examines the popular culture of the United
States in the twentieth century. Containing
over 2,700 essays from nearly 450 contributors
and arranged alphabetically, the encyclopedia
covers the major areas of pop culture: film,
music, print culture, social life, sports,
television and radio, and art and performance
(including theater, dance, and stand-up comedy).
It's a fascinating browse as well as
a useful starting point for research into
pop culture. Articles range from "Academy
Awards," to "Eco-Terrorism,"
to "Muzak," to "Yuppies."
Coverage focuses primarily on the second half
of the century. Each article analyzes its
topic's significance to pop culture,
placing it in context, and provides a brief
bibliography for further reading. In addition
to a general index, Volume 5 contains two
other useful indexes: the "Time-Frame
Index," which lists events and people
by the decade in which they occurred, and
the "Category Index," which groups
articles under broad subject headings (e.g.,
actors, pop music, social groups, etc.). There
are numerous black-and-white photographs throughout.
Woody, From Antz to Zelig: A Reference Guide
to Woody Allen's Creative Work, 1964-1998.
Richard A. Schwartz. Westport, CT: Greenwood
Press, 2000. [Ref PN 1998.3 .A455 S38 2000]
For those interested in the work of Woody
Allen, this is an essential reference tool,
doing double duty as both biography and criticism.
The highly readable entries are arranged alphabetically,
and cover his films and published writings,
the major themes in his work, various topics
of interest to Allen as well as people important
to him, such as the Marx Brothers. Allen's
filmography and bibliography follow the entries,
and there is a 20-page index.