14th Century Italian Gradual

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Ownership:

University of Scranton,
Weinberg Memorial Library,
Scranton, PA 18510

Location:

Rare book shelf

Catalogue Description:
Gradual. Italy, 14th century (14/2). 545 x 375 mm. Manuscript on parchment. Gothic liturgical script, with plainsong notation on a four line staff. With six miniature paintings (somewhat rubbed), painted initial letters, and elaborate penwork initials. Bound in old calf with metal corner pieces. Bologna school/influence, very competent painting and initial letters. 16th century calf binding.


Contents:
Latin text begins folio 1r Ad te levavi a[nim]am meam deus meus…. First Sunday in Advent service. Text ends folio 183v Agnus dei q[ui] Tollis peccata mu[n]di m[I]se[re]re nobis Agnus.

Date:
Second quarter of the 14th century.

Number of Folia:
1. 183, numbered in pencil upper right hand corner of recto by Michael Knies, Special Collections Librarian, February 15, 1999. Previous incomplete modern numeration by unknown person at unknown date in pencil lower left hand corner of verso 1-37. Folio 3 is an insert containing Pentecost painting. Various systems of numeration in Roman and Arabic numbers, in pencil and ink, some contemporary with the manuscript.

Writing Support:
Flesh side is very white, hair side much darker and strongly patterned.

Dimensions:
52r measured. Page 540 mm x 385 mm. Musical Staves 365mm x 255mm, Text and stave 382mm x 255mm.

Ruling:

Black ink or possibly pencil. Double vertical lines at edge of text block extend to top and bottom of page. Outermost vertical line is 90mm from edge, inner line is 100mm from edge. Innermost vertical line is 35mm from gutter and companion is 45. Horizontal rulings are 10mm apart. Total height of horizontal rulings is 395mm. Most horizontal rulings extend beyond the outermost vertical ruling, but end unevenly consequently width varies up to 300mm.

Quires:

I11 (+3) II-XVII10 XVIII4 XVIIII8 Catchwords appear on each quire in lower right hand corner of verso until quire XVII in which the catchword was erased. The original numbering system ends on the same folio. The last quires, XVIII and XVIIII, may have been later additions or replacements. Catchwords: 11v initio, 21v re ecce, 31v forti (as part of fortitudine), 41v gl[ori]am, 51v nia (as part of omnia), 61v tract (as part of tractus), 71v do no (as part of confidonon), 81v confu (as part of confundan), 91v tua, 101v q[uonia]m, 111v et illu (as part of illuminamini), 121v ces (as part of cervices), 131v deus, 141v nedi (as part of benedicat), 151v osab (as part of meos absconderunt), 161v qua[n]do, 171v catchword is rubbed off first word on next page is Etabund.

Binding:

16th century, calf

Origin:

Italy, possibly Bologna.

Provenance:
W. W. Scranton.

Scripts:
Gothic rotunda textualis..

Decoration:
All measurements h x w in millimeters taken from main part of letter.

Historic Initials:
1r subject unknown in letter A 162 x 144, 3r Pentecost in letter S 107 x 105, 22r subject unknown possibly prophecy of Isaiah in letter H 108 x 111, 24v The Annunciation in letter D 110 x 123, 29r Nativity in letter P 115 x 120, 33v Magi C 110 x 105, 60v bird swallowing monk in letter I 113 x 280, ), 119v Christ man with book in letter I 138 x 320.Painted letters on 20v (6.3 x 5.8), 26v (L 5 x 6.5), 43r (C 6.2 x 5.9), 46v (E6.2 x 5.8), 53v (M 6.4 x 6.2), 90v (O 6.2 x 5.8), 105r (L 6.2 x 5.7) 133r (D 6.2 x 5.9), 170v (K 6.2 x 5.3), 170v (G 5.6 x 5.4), 172r (L 5.7 x 4.2), 174r (K 5.7 x 5.4) 174r (G 6.3 x 4.6), 175v (C 5.7 x 4.8), 179r (K 5.2 x 4.3), 179r (G 4.4 x 4.5), 181v (K 5.7 x 4.7), 182r (G 5.3 x 4.8). Penwork initials throughout.

Ink:
Text black with some red. Staves red, musical notation in black. Blue and red rubrication.

Colophon:
None

Bibliography:
None

Notes:

Patches with script (sometimes minimal) in various hands, 19r, 34r, 40v, 43r, 43v, 44r, 46r, 76r, 97r, 104r, 106r, 106v, 108r, 124r, 146r, 152r, 161v, 162r, 162v, 164r, 170r, 171r, 173v

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