Edmund M. Kosmahl, PT, EdD

 GONIOMETRY WEB SITE


WRIST FLEXION

 wrist flexion photo

Test Position

  • Subject seated
  • Forearm stabilized on table
  • Flex wrist (fingers relaxed)

 

Normal Range

  • 75o  + or -  6.6o (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)
  • 60o (American Medical Association)
  • 76.4o (mean), 6.3o (standard deviation), (Boone and Azen)

Goniometer Alignment

  • Axis lateral wrist (triquetrum)
  • Stationary arm aligned with ulna
  • Moving arm aligned with fifth metacarpal

Normal End Feel

 

  • Capsular

copyright 1999 E. Kosmahl