Edmund M. Kosmahl, PT, EdD

 GONIOMETRY WEB SITE


TEMPEROMANDIBULAR JOINT PROTRUSION

 TMJ protrusion goniometry picture

Test Position

  • Subject sitting
  • Stabilize cervical spine
  • Protrude mandible forward

Normal Range

  • 3 to 5 mm (Magee)

Ruler Alignment

  • Use a ruler to measure the distance between the upper and lower incisors

Normal End Feel

  • Capsular or ligamentous

copyright 1999 E. Kosmahl