Edmund M. Kosmahl, PT, EdD

 GONIOMETRY WEB SITE


HIP EXTENSION

 hip extension goniometry picture

Test Position

  • Subject prone
  • Stabilize pelvis to prevent rotation
  • Extend hip

 

Normal Range

  • 12.0o + or - 5.4o (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)
  • 30.0o (American Medical Association)
  • 9.8o (mean), 6.8o (standard deviation), (Boone and Azen)

Goniometer Alignment

  • Axis greater trochanter
  • Stationary arm aligned with midline of plevis
  • Moving arm aligned with femur (lateral epicondyle)

Normal End Feel

  • Capsular or ligamentous

copyright 1999 E. Kosmahl