Edmund M. Kosmahl, PT, EdD

 GONIOMETRY WEB SITE


HIP LATERAL (EXTERNAL) ROTATION
 hip lateral (external) rotation picture
Test Position
  • Subject sitting on table
  • knee flexed
  • Stabilize distal thigh
  • hip laterally (externally) rotated
 
Normal Range
  • 44.0o + or - 4.8o (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)
  • 50.0o (American Medical Association)
  • 47.2o (mean), 6.3o (standard deviation), (Boone and Azen)
Goniometer Alignment
  • Axis center of patella
  • Stationary arm aligned vertically
  • Moving arm aligned with leg (crest of tibia)
Normal End Feel

 

  • Capsular

copyright 1999 E. Kosmahl