Edmund M. Kosmahl, PT, EdD
GONIOMETRY WEB SITE
Definition - measuring the available range of motion or the position of
a joint - typically this is a measure of PASSIVE motion. If you are documenting
active range of motion, document that this is so.
for clarity of communication – measure one direction at a time (e.g.
elbow flexion = 130o, not elbow flexion/extension 130o/0o)
position joint in zero position and stabilize proximal joint component
move joint to end of range of motion (to assess quality of movement)
determine end-feel at point where measurement will be taken ( at end of
available range of motion)
identify and palpate bony landmarks
align goniometer with bony landmarks while holding joint at end of range
read the goniometer
record measurement (e.g. elbow flexion = 130o)
copyright 1999 E. Kosmahl