Edmund M. Kosmahl, PT, EdD

 GONIOMETRY WEB SITE


CERVICAL SPINE ROTATION

 cervical spine rotation goniometry picture


Test Position

  • Subject sitting with lumbar and thoracic spines supported
  • Stabilize lumbar and thoracic spines
  • Rotate cervical spine

Normal Range (unilateral)

  • 91.5o + or - 5.5o (20 - 29 yrs.), 81o + or - 6.5o (30 - 49 yrs.), 77.5o + or - 7.5o (>50 yrs.) (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)
  • 80o (American Medical Association)

Goniometer Alignment

  • Axis center of superior aspect of head
  • Stationary arm aligned with acromion processes
  • Moving arm aligned with tip of nose

Normal End Feel

  • Capsular or ligamentous

copyright 1999 E. Kosmahl