Edmund M. Kosmahl, PT, EdD

 GONIOMETRY WEB SITE


ANKLE PLANTARFLEXION

 ankle plantarflexion goniometry picture

Test Position

  • Subject supine
  • Extend knee
  • Stabilize leg
  • Plantarflex ankle

Normal Range

  • 56o + or - 6.1o (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)
  • 40o (American Medical Association)
  • 56.2o (mean), 6.1o, (standard deviation) (Boone and Azen)

Goniometer Alignment

  • Axis lateral malleolus
  • Stationary arm aligned with fibular head
  • Moving arm aligned with fifth metatarsal

Normal End Feel

  • Capsular

copyright 1999 E. Kosmahl