Proposal:

Early Childhood Education

Graduate Program

 

Option 1: Masters Program for Teachers Currently Certified in Early Childhood Ed

Option 2: Certification and Masters Program for Teachers Currently Certified in Elementary Ed

Option 3: Certification and Masters Program for Students without Current Certification

 

Deborah Eville Lo

Department of Education

PAN 127

University of Scranton

941-7579

Introduction

This proposal was developed at the request of Dr David Wiley, the chair of the Education Department and answers the certification option for Early Childhood Education as proposed in the Graduate Program Restructuring initiative presented and endorsed at the August ’99 faculty meeting.

When a society claims that children are its future, that society has, whether or not they are aware, implicitly obligated themselves to invest in early childhood education. There is a mounting body of evidence that early childhood education programs can result in substantial future gains for a society. Therefore, many nations have incorporated preschool programs into their national and regional agendas.

Given the rapidly growing interest in high-quality, affordable early childhood care and development programs that can reach significant number of children and families, it is critical that programs aimed at providing appropriate training and educational experiences are developed and provided to students who have an interest in the facilitating the development of young children. This proposal presents three options for the student interested in obtaining certification or a Master’s degree in Early Childhood Education

 

Local and National Variables

The United States has seen an enormous increase in the percentage of young children enrolled in Early Childhood Education programs. As late as 1965 only (27.1%) of children between the ages of 3 and 5 were enrolled in a Nursery School or Kindergarten program. By 1995 (61.8%) of U.S. children between the ages of 3 and 5 were enrolled in Nursery School or Kindergarten programs. Nearly fifty percent (47.7%) of those children were enrolled in full-day programs.

The Early Childhood Education certificate mandates considerable coursework and supervised experiences in child development, language, and the individualization of instruction based on the needs of the child. Once certified, a teacher is licensed to teach children between birth and 3rd grade (roughly 8 years old). While few public school opportunities exist for grades lower than pre-kindergarten (children approximately 4-years old), more and more opportunities are becoming available in the private and quasi public sectors.

According to the 1998-1999 Occupational Outlook Handbook, teachers held about

3.1 million jobs in 1996. Of those, about 1.7 million were kindergarten and elementary school teachers. Employment is distributed geographically, much the same as the population. There are an average of 18,970 annual openings for preschool and kindergarten teachers in the United States. The Northeast section of the United States is considered to have a balanced supply and demand meaning that there is neither a great surplus nor a great shortage. However, national and state initiatives (e.g. President Clinton’s class size caps) could impact the region providing more opportunities for teachers of young children.

 

 

The University of Scranton

The Early Childhood Education program we propose offers three options for students.

Option 1. The student who holds a valid certificate in Early Childhood Education

may choose to work toward a Master’s degree in the field.*

Option 2. The student who already holds an elementary education certificate may

choose a master’s degree in early childhood with several options for

elective coursework appropriate to the major and depending on the

student’s interests.*

* International students may be permitted to complete a master’s degree

without certification as long as teaching standards required by their home

country have been satisfied (accurate information regarding the teaching standards of a

home country is the responsibility of the student).

Option 3. A teacher certification program in ECE is offered for the student who does

not have initial certification in either Elementary or Early Childhood

Education. Individual transcript reviews will be conducted by a

designated faculty member or team of faculty members in the case of

teacher certification in an area other than Elementary or Early Childhood.

 

The student who does not already possess an elementary or early childhood education certificate may not be awarded a master’s degree prior to completing certification requirements. Certification requirements may be pursued separately or at the same time as a master’s degree in early childhood education. A comprehensive exam is required of students in all options for the Master’s degree. The Foundations and Research course requirements (9 credits) are the same for all options. All students must take Ed. 502 Educational Research and six (6) credits of additional Foundation courses including Ed. 501, or Ed. 5XX, and Ed. 508.

Research Course Requirement (3 credits)

Ed. 502 Educational Research ..........................................................3

Foundation Course Requirement (6 credits)

Ed. 5XX Educational Psychology .......................................................3

Ed. 508 Advanced Foundations of Education .................................. 3

 

Option 1

Option one of the Early Childhood option has the following requirements in addition to the Research and Foundation course requirements.

Ed. xxx Assessment in Early Childhood Education ......................... 3

Ed. xxx Development of the Early Learner ................................ 3

Ed. 542 Reading: Psycholinguistic Basis .................................... 3

Electives: (12 Credits to be chosen with the guidance of a faculty advisor from the

list of electives presented below).

Degree Requirements: 30 credits, an approved scholarly paper or professional contribution (faculty directed for 6 academic credits) and a comprehensive examination. Individuals may choose six additional credits in approved electives in lieu of the scholarly paper or professional contribution.

Option 2

Option two of the Early Childhood option has the following requirements in addition to the Research and Foundation course requirements.

Early Childhood Course Sequence (21 credits)

Educ xxx Early Childhood Education .................................................3

Educ xxx Development of the Early Learner ......................................3

Educ xxx Assessment in Early Childhood Education .........................3

Educ xxx Math/Science/Health Methods for ECE ...............................3

Educ 542 Reading: Psycholinguistic Basis..........................................3

Educ 586 Planning in the ECE Teaching Internship ...........................2

Educ 587 Instruction in the ECE Teaching Internship ........................1

Educ 588 Management in the ECE Teaching Internship......................1

Educ 589 Professional Growth in the ECE Teaching Internship .........2

Electives: (6 Credits to be chosen with the guidance of a faculty advisor from the list

of electives presented below).

 

Preferred Electives (for options 1 and 2 in Early Childhood Education)

Educ 509 Improving Instruction …………………………………………. 3

Educ 510 Curriculum Theory and Development ………………………. 3

Educ 511 Computer Literacy for Educators .......................................... 3

Educ 514 Group Process in the Classroom ......................................... 3

Educ 563 Children’s & Adolescent Lit. ................................................... 3

Educ 546 Organizing & Operating Reading Programs .......................... 3

Educ 561 Creativity in the Classroom …………………………………… 3

Educ 562 Teaching the Gifted Child .................................................... 3

Educ 565 Inclusionary Classroom Practices ......................................... 3

Educ 568 Education of the Exceptional Child ........................................ 3

Educ 569 Workshop in Education ...........................................................3

Educ 592 ST : Grants Writing .................................................................3

 

Option 3 Initial Certification

Early Childhood Course Sequence (45credits) PLUS (6) credits Foundations

for certification. If the student wishes to obtain a Master’s degree in addition to initial certification, three (3) credits of Research Methods and a comprehensive examination are required in addition to the 45 credits required for initial certification.

Educ xxx Early Childhood Education ................................................. 3

Educ xxx Development of the Early Learner ...................................... 3

Educ xxx Assessment in Early Childhood Education ......................... 3

Educ xxx Math/Science/Health Methods for ECE ............................... 3

Educ 511 Computer Literacy for Educators ……………………………. 3

Educ 516 Field Experience I ……………………………………………. 1

Educ 517 Field Experience II …………………………………………… 1

Educ 518 Field Experience III ………………………………………….. 1

Educ 541 Foundations of Reading/Language Arts …………………… 3

Educ 564 Teaching Elementary Language Arts ……………………… 3

Educ 567 Teaching Elementary Social Studies ……………………… 3

Educ 568 Education of the Exceptional Child ………………………. 3

Educ 542 Reading: Psycholinguistic Basis .......................................... 3


Student Teaching Sequence

Educ 513 Classroom Management and Discipline …………………… 3

Educ 586 Planning in the ECE Teaching Internship ........................... 2

Educ 587 Instruction in the ECE Teaching Internship ........................ 2

Educ 588 Management in the ECE Teaching Internship...................... 2

Educ 589 Professional Growth in the ECE Teaching Internship ......... 3


Total 45

PENNSYLVANIA STANDARDS FOR CERTIFICATION IN

EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

 

Standard I

The program shall require studies in human growth and development, learning theory, approaches to education, language development, and education for the handicapped. These studies shall minimally cover birth to age eight.

This standard is met with studies and experiences associated with the following course work by students in option two:

Educ 5XX Advanced Educational Psychology 3

Educ 5XX Development of the Early Learner 3

Educ 5XX Early Childhood Education 3

Educ 542 Reading: Psycholinguistic Basis 3

 

For the student going through the program in option three, the standard is also met with the following course work.

Educ 564 Teaching Elementary Language Arts 3

Educ 567 Teaching Elementary Social Studies 3

Educ 568 Education of the Exceptional Child 3

 

The standard may also be met with the following elective options for students going through options one or two or the program

Educ 562 Teaching the Gifted Child 3

Educ 565 Inclusionary Classroom Practices 3

Educ 568 Education of the Exceptional Child 3

 

 

Standard II

The program shall require studies of sociological and behavioral sciences which emphasize the interpersonal relationships of the child with family, peer, and community.

This standard is met with studies and experiences associated with the following course work:

Educ 5XX Advanced Educational Psychology 3

Educ 5XX Development of the Early Learner 3

The standard may also be met with the following elective options by students going through the program in option one or two.

Educ 514 Group Process in the Classroom 3

Educ 565 Inclusionary Classroom Practices 3

 

 

Standard III

The program shall require studies of and experiences in planning, implementing and evaluating early childhood curriculum including: language arts, mathematics, reading, sciences, social studies, health, safety, environment, nutrition, the expressive arts to include music, drama, and movement.

The standard is met with studies and experiences associated with the following course work by students going through the program in option two:

Educ 5XX Early Childhood Education 3

Educ 5XX Math/Science/Health Methods for ECE 3

Educ 5XX Professional Seminar in ECE 1

 

The standard is further met through the following structured experiences for both options two and three of the program:

Educ 586 Planning in the ECE Teaching Internship 2

Educ 587 Instruction in the ECE Teaching Internship 1 - 2

Educ 588 Management in the ECE Teaching Internship 1 - 2

Educ 589 Professional Growth in the ECE Teaching Int 2 - 3

The student going through the program in option three will have these additional experiences.

Educ 516 Field Experience 1 1

Educ 517 Field Experience 2 1

Educ 518 Field Experience 3 1

For the student going through the program in option three, the standard is also met with the following additional course work.

Educ 513 Classroom Management 3

Educ 564 Teaching Elementary Language Arts 3

Educ 567 Teaching Elementary Social Studies 3

 

 

For students going through the program in option one or two the standard may also be met through the following elective options:

Educ 569 Workshop in Education 3

Educ 511 Computer Literacy for Educators 3

Educ 563 Children’s & Adolescent Literature 3

 

Standard IV

The program shall require studies of and experiences in the assessment of the young child’s developmental level in cognitive, psychomotor, and affective domains.

This standard is met with studies and experiences associated with the following course work:

Educ 5XX Development of the Early Learner

Educ 5XX Assessment in Early Childhood Education

Educ 5XX Advanced Educational Psychology

 

Standard V

The program shall require studies of and experiences in the use of play as an instructional process.

The standard is met with studies and experiences associated with the following course work:

Educ 5XX Advanced Educational Psychology 3

Educ 5XX Development of the Early Learner 3

Educ 5XX Early Childhood Education 3

 

The standard is further met through the following structured experiences:

Educ 586 Planning in the ECE Teaching Internship 2

Educ 587 Instruction in the ECE Teaching Internship 1 - 2

Educ 588 Management in the ECE Teaching Internship 1 - 2

Educ 589 Professional Growth in the ECE Teaching Int 2 - 3

For the student going through the program in option three, the standard is also met with the following additional course work.

 

Standard VI

The program shall require studies of and experiences in the analysis and adaptation of the curriculum and instructional materials to meet the needs of the student.

The standard is met with studies and experiences associated with the following course work for students going through the program under option two or three:

Educ 5XX Development of the Early Learner 3

Educ 5XX Early Childhood Education 3

Educ 5XX Math/Science/Health Methods 3

Educ 5XX Assessment in Early Childhood Education 3

Educ 542 Reading Psycholinguistic Basis 3

For the student going through the program in option three, the standard is also met with the following additional course work.

Educ 564 Teaching Elementary Language Arts 3

Educ 567 Teaching Elementary Social Studies 3

 

The standard may also be met with the following electives for students going through the program in options one or two.

Educ 511 Computer Literacy for Educators 3

Educ 562 Teaching the Gifted Child 3

Educ 565 Inclusionary Classroom Practices 3

Educ 568 Education of the Exceptional Child 3

Educ 569 Workshop in Education 3

 

Standard VII

The program shall require studies of the social and cultural foundations for early childhood education.

The standard is met with studies and experiences associated with the following course work for students going through the program under option two or three.

Educ 5XX Development of the Early Learner 3

Educ 5XX Early Childhood Education 3

Educ 5XX Math/Science/Health Methods 3

Educ 5XX Assessment in Early Childhood Education 3

 

Standard VIII

The program shall require professional studies distributed over the areas defined in General Standard XIV. The student teaching experience should require the candidate to demonstrate competency in these areas.

The standard is met by students going through the program in option two or three by the following coursework and professional experience.

Educ 586 Planning in the ECE Teaching Internship 2

Educ 587 Instruction in the ECE Teaching Internship 1 - 2

Educ 588 Management in the ECE Teaching Internship 1 - 2

Educ 589 Professional Growth in the ECE Teaching Int 2 - 3

Students going through the program in option three met the standard with the following additional coursework.

Educ 513 Classroom Management 3

 

 

Content Competencies For Early Childhood Education (Required for students in program option 3 in order to qualify for Pennsylvania Teacher Certification in ECE)

__ Mathematics __ Physical Science

__ Biological Science __ Environmental Science

__ American History __ World Geography

__ Economics __ Art

__ Music __ Psychology

__ Dance/Movement __ Family Health

__ Children’s Literature __ Theater

__ Local/State Politics

Communications Checklist

__ Oral Communication

__ Written Communication

Course Descriptions for Graduate Early Childhood Education Program

Required Coursework:

Education 5XX Early Childhood Education

An introductory overview of the theory, research and practice of early childhood education within a multicultural context. Consideration will be given to the educational process from the fetal stages on through the first three years of life, as well as the early years of schooling.

 

Education 5XX Development of the Early Learner

The course will focus on the development of the early learner, birth through age 8. Psychomotor, affective, and cognitive development, as well as the special needs of young children will be studied. Theory to practice linkages will be stressed. An observation component is part of the course expectation.

 

Education 5XX Early Childhood Education Methods in Math/Science/Health

This course will provide the education student with an appropriate knowledge base from which to design instructional sequences which integrate science, health and mathematics concepts for young learners.

 

Education 5XX Assessment in Early Childhood Education

This course will be focused on strategies, methods, and instruments for assessing the early learner’s development in the cognitive, psychomotor, and affective domains. Theory-to-practice linkages will be stressed. An observation component is part of the course expectation.

 

Education 5XX Advanced Educational Psychology

This course is designed to take the educator beyond familiarity with basic psychological theories and principles to a level in which they can apply and use these theories to inform and improve their classroom performance.

 

Education 502 Educational Research

A course designed to introduce students to scientific research. Covered will be basic statistical techniques, such as correlation, t-test, and Chi-square; quantitative research designs; ethnographic research; and meta analysis. Emplasis will be placed on hypothesis-testing. Students will be required to complete a scientific research project.

 

Education 508 Advanced Foundations of Education

The course is intended to present the foundations of education in an integrated, multidisciplinary approach. It will trace the development of education both as an institution and in terms of the ideas that have shaped that institution. The goal is a thorough perspective on education as it is today.

 

Education 541 Foundations of Reading/Language Arts

A course designed to provide an introduction to reading/language arts instruction and programs. Consideration will be given to literary instruction relevant to both skills-based programs and whole-language programs.

 

Education 542 Reading: Psycholinguistic Basis

A course designed to familiarize students with psycholinguistic underpinnings of reading. Language acquisition and dialect variation, along with their effect on learning to read, are covered. Strategies to make students proficient in graphophonemic, sytactic, and semantic sources of information are given prominence.

 

Education 586 Planning in the ECE Teaching Internship

Competency will be developed in unit and lesson planning during actual teaching practice in an elementary school. Supervision and evaluation will be with appropriate school mentors and University faculty.

 

Education 587 Instruction in the ECE Teaching Internship

Competency will be developed in the delivery of effective instruction utilizing appropriate methodologies at appropriate levels during actual teaching practice in an elementary school or early childhood setting. Supervision and evaluation will be with appropriate school mentors and University faculty.

 

Education 588 Management in the ECE Teaching Internship

Competency will be developed in classroom management including routine paper work, maintaining a positive atmosphere and utilizing appropriate discipline methods during actual teaching practice in an elementary school. Supervision and evaluation will be with appropriate school mentors and University faculty.

 

Education 589 Professional Growth in the ECE Teaching Internship

Positive professional development will be documented during actual teaching practice in an elementary school through periodic evaluation and observation by assigned school mentors and University faculty of participation in seminars, appropriate reactions to suggestions and criticism, and fulfilling general responsibilities as outlined in The Student Teaching Handbook.

 

Electives: Students going through the program in option one or two will choose additional elective coursework with the guidance of his/her advisor.

Education 509 Improving Instruction

Students will study a wide spectrum of techniques and strategies to improve classroom instruction and enhance learning. Emphasis will be on practical classroom applications.

Education 510 Curriculum Theory and Development

Principles of curriculum construction which underlie the reorganization of the program of studies for elementary and secondary schools, sources of the curriculum, methods of organization, structure of knowledge, and curriculum planning and development.

 

Education 511 Computer Literacy for Educators

This course for educators is designed to meet the following goals: 1. To know how computers operate; 2. To develop ability to use the computer; 3. To become aware of some of the applications of computers; 4. To understand the social implications of computers and computing; 5. To understand the rudiments of LOGO computing language, a language commonly available for microcomputers which promotes structured programming characterized by top-down design with stepwise refinement through modularization.

 

Education 514 Group Processes in Classrooms

A study of group processes as they impact on the management and instruction of classrooms. It will be presented in both its theoretical and practical dimensions.

 

Education 562 Teaching the Gifted Child

Teachers will have an opportunity to study the broad range of giftedness in children. Emphasis will be on how to foster the development of gifted youngsters in our schools. Programming for the gifted will be studied also.

 

Education 563 Children’s and Adolescent Literature

A course designed to acquaint students with literature written for children and adolescents. Children and adolescents’ literary needs and interests will be emphasized.

Education 565 Inclusionary Classroom Practices

Students will receive guidance in supporting the disabled student in a general education classroom, and in supporting the special education teacher and ancillary staff in providing instruction for the disabled child. We will explore methods for facilitating the acceptance and learning of the disabled student in the context of a general education environment.

 

Education 568 Education of Exceptional Child

A general view of the field; historical background – both philosophical and legislative, with special emphasis upon PL 94-142. Physical, mental and emotional handicaps will be reviewed in some detail. Special concerns of gifted children will also be presented. Preventitive and remedial programs and practices will be emphasized.

 

Education 569 Workshop in Education

Students will have the opportunity to develop and test innovative curriculum materials and strategies with special emphasis on models for individualizing instruction.

 

UNIVERSITY OF SCRANTON GRADUATE SCHOOL

ADVISMENT SHEET FOR EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Masters/Certification Program for Students Certified in Elementary (Option 2)

 

_______ Education 502 Educational Research (Master’s Degree) 3

_______ Education 50X Advanced Educational Psychology 3

_______ Education 508 Advanced Foundations of Education 3

_______ Education 5XX Early Childhood Education 3

_______ Education 5XX Development of the Early Learner 3

_______ Education 5XX Assessment in Early Childhood 3

_______ Education 5XX Math/Science/Health Methods 3

_______ Education 542 Reading: Psycholinguistic Basis 3

_______ Education 5XX Professional Seminar 1

_______ Education 586 Planning in ECE Teaching 1

_______ Education 587 Instruction in ECE Teaching 1

_______ Education 588 Management in ECE Teaching 1

_______ Education 589 Professional Growth in ECE Teaching 2

Electives (6 credits)

_______ Education 509 Improving Instruction 3

_______ Education 510 Curriculum Theory and Development 3

_______ Education 511 Computer Literacy for Educators 3

_______ Education 514 Group Process in the Classroom 3

_______ Education 562 Teaching the Gifted Child 3

_______ Education 563 Children & Adolescent Literature 3

_______ Education 565 Inclusionary Classroom Practices 3

_______ Education 568 Education of the Exceptional Child 3

_______ Education 569 Workshop in Education 3

_______ Education 592 ST: Grants Writing 3

 

 

UNIVERSITY OF SCRANTON GRADUATE SCHOOL

ADVISMENT SHEET FOR EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Masters/Certification Program for Students Certified in Elementary (Option 1)

 

_______ Education 502 Educational Research (Master’s Degree) 3

_______ Education 50X Advanced Educational Psychology 3

_______ Education 508 Advanced Foundations of Education 3

_______ Education 5XX Early Childhood Education 3

_______ Education 5XX Development of the Early Learner 3

_______ Education 5XX Assessment in Early Childhood 3

______ Scholarly Paper or Contribution to the Field 6

 

Electives (Choose 20 credits)

_______ Education 509 Improving Instruction 3

_______ Education 510 Curriculum Theory and Development 3

_______ Education 511 Computer Literacy for Educators 3

_______ Education 514 Group Process in the Classroom 3

_______ Education 562 Teaching the Gifted Child 3

_______ Education 563 Children & Adolescent Literature 3

_______ Education 565 Inclusionary Classroom Practices 3

_______ Education 568 Education of the Exceptional Child 3

_______ Education 569 Workshop in Education 3

_______ Education 592 ST: Grants Writing 3

 

 

 

 

UNIVERSITY OF SCRANTON GRADUATE SCHOOL

ADVISMENT SHEET FOR EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Masters/Certification Program for Students Certified in Elementary (Option 3)

 

_______ Education 502 Educational Research (Master’s Degree) 3

_______ Education 50X Advanced Educational Psychology 3

_______ Education 508 Advanced Foundations of Education 3

_______ Education 5XX Early Childhood Education 3

_______ Education 5XX Development of the Early Learner 3

_______ Education 5XX Assessment in Early Childhood 3

_______ Education 5XX Math/Science/Health Methods 3

_______ Education 513 Elementary Classroom Management 3

_______ Education 516 Field Experience 1 1

_______ Education 517 Field Experience 2 1

_______ Education 518 Field Experience 3 1

_______ Education 541 Foundations of Reading/Language Arts 3

_______ Education 542 Reading: Psycholinguistic Basis 3

_______ Education 564 Teaching Elementary Language Arts 3

_______ Education 567 Teaching Elementary Social Studies 3

_______ Education 568 Education of the Exceptional Child 3

_______ Education 586 Planning in ECE Teaching 1

_______ Education 587 Instruction in ECE Teaching 1

_______ Education 588 Management in ECE Teaching 1

_______ Education 589 Professional Growth in ECE Teaching 2